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Delay Timer (Relay Driver)


The monostable circuit shown here acts as a delay timer that is used to actuate a relay for a given duration. With the pushbutton switch open, the output is low (around 0.1 V), and the relay is at rest. However, when the switch is momentarily closed, the 555 begins its timing cycle; the output goes high (in this case ~10.5 V) for a duration equal to tdelay = 1.10R1C























The relay will be actuated for the same time duration. The diodes help prevent damaging current surges—generated when the relay switches states—from damaging the 555 IC, as well as the relay’s switch contacts.